Binding of a new Ca2+ sensitizer, levosimendan, to recombinant human cardiac troponin C: A molecular modelling, fluorescence probe, and proton nuclear magnetic resonance study
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The binding of a new calcium sensitizer, levosimendan, to human cardiac troponin C (cTnC) is described. Fluorescence studies done on dansylated recombinant human cTnC and a site-directed mutant showed that levosimendan modulated the calcium-induced conformational change in cTnC, and revealed the role of Asp-88 in the binding of the drug to the NH2-terminal domain of cTnC. Furthermore, NMR studies performed on the NH2-terminal fragment of cTnC showed a spatial proximity between levosimendan and Met81, Met85, and Phe77 in the drug-protein complex. These data were used to build an optimized model of the drug-protein complex, in which levosimendan binds cTnC at the hydrophobic pocket of the NH2-terminal domain. The role of the binding of levosimendan to cTnC in the pharmacological action of this drug in vivo is discussed.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1994 Nov 18|