Biomass, community structure and phosphorus uptake of ectomycorrhizal fungi in response to phosphorus limitation and nitrogen deposition

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)

Bibtex

@phdthesis{297ec87aeca242e29aaa6fe445de5752,
title = "Biomass, community structure and phosphorus uptake of ectomycorrhizal fungi in response to phosphorus limitation and nitrogen deposition",
abstract = "High levels of nitrogen (N) deposition might result in a transition from N to phosphorus (P) limitation in high latitude forests. Thiscould have fundamental consequences for forest production, nutrient acquisition and nutrient leaching.I studied a Norway spruce forest in a region of high N deposition in southwest Sweden and added N, P or N+P to force thesystem to N or P limitation. I studied tree growth and foliar nutrient concentration. Also, using ingrowth meshbags, I followedectomycorrhizal (EMF) production, foraging for N and P patches (urea and apatite) and community composition.I found that tree production was limited by P. Furthermore, P fertilization reduced EMF production indicating that EMF biomassproduction was stimulated by P-limiting conditions. Apatite had a positive effect on EMF production when the system was Plimited.P fertilization reduced foraging for nutrients by EMF, also for N rich urea. P had a stronger effect on the composition ofEMF communities than N, suggesting that P nutrition had a larger impact on belowground carbon (C) allocation than N in thisecosystem. Furthermore, certain EMF species responded positively to apatite under P limiting conditions, which might haveincreased mobilization of P from this source.To enhance my understanding of P mobilization from different P compounds by EMF, I studied one species, Paxillus involutus,under more controlled conditions in the laboratory. P. involutus is adapted to high N deposition levels and has a documentedcapability to take up P from poorly soluble sources. I found that P. involutus was able to take up P from apatite, P bound togoethite and from phytic acid. Moreover, I found that iron-reducing activity was produced when these sources were providedbut not when the fungus was provided with soluble P (phosphate). One possible interpretation to this result was that iron (Fe)reduction is a way for the fungus to prevent that newly liberated phosphate ions are captured by Fe3+ and became unavailablefor uptake.In conclusion, the high production of EMF found in P-limited forest decline when P is added, probably due to reducedbelowground C allocation when less foraging for P is needed. EMF communities are strongly regulated by P in these forestsand species better adapted for P foraging are probably selected for under these conditions.",
keywords = "Phosphorus and nitrogen limitation, nitrogen deposition, ectomycorrhizal fungi, community composition,apatite, Paxillus involutus, Phosphorus and nitrogen limitation, nitrogen deposition, ectomycorrhizal fungi, community composition,apatite, Paxillus involutus",
author = "Almeida, {Juan Pablo}",
note = "Defence details Date: 2019-02-08 Time: 10:00 Place: Bl{\aa} hallen, Ekologihuset, S{\"o}lvegatan 37, Lund External reviewer(s) Name: Andrea Polle Title: Professor Affiliation: University of G{\"o}ttingen, Tyskland ---",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-91-7753-952-0",
publisher = "Lunds universitet",
school = "Department of Biology",

}