Biphasic differential changes of GABAA receptor subunit mRNA levels in dentate gyrus granule cells following recurrent kindling-induced seizures

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Abstract

GABAA receptor alpha 1, beta 3 and gamma 2 subunit mRNA levels have been measured in hippocampus using in situ hybridization, following 1, 10 and 40 seizures produced by rapid kindling stimulations. Major alterations of gene expression were largely confined to the dentate gyrus. One stimulus-induced seizure reduced gamma 2 mRNA levels in the dentate gyrus by 30%. In contrast, mRNA expression increased for alpha 1 in CA1 and CA3 and for beta 3 in CA1 to around 30% above control values. Ten stimulations reduced beta 3 (by 19%) and gamma 2 (by 37%) mRNA expression in the dentate gyrus. No changes were observed in other hippocampal subregions. Forty kindling-induced seizures led to biphasic alterations of subunit mRNA levels in dentate gyrus with only minor changes in CA1-CA3. Up to 4 h after the last seizure mRNA expression for alpha 1 was slightly decreased in dentate gyrus, whereas marked reductions were observed for beta 3 and gamma 2 (by 41% and 48%, respectively). Between 12 and 48 h there were major increases of alpha 1 (by 59%) and gamma 2 (by 35%) mRNA levels but no significant changes of beta 3 mRNA expression. Subunit mRNA levels had returned to control values after 5 days, which argues against a direct involvement of GABAA receptor in kindling-evoked hyperexcitability. The rapid and transient, biphasic changes of GABAA receptor subunits following recurrent seizures could play an important role in stabilizing granule cell excitability, thereby reducing seizure susceptibility. The differential regulation of subunit mRNA levels following seizures suggests a novel mechanism for changing the physiological properties of dentate granule cells through possible GABAA receptor complexes with different subunit composition.

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Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Neurology

Keywords

  • Hippocampus, Kindling, GABAA receptor subunit, In situ hybridization, Dentate gyrus, Epilepsy
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)323-332
JournalBrain Research. Molecular Brain Research
Volume23
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1994
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Neurology, Lund (013027000), Neurosurgery (013026000), Laboratory for Experimental Brain Research (013041000)