Birimian crustal growth in the West African Craton: U-Pb, O and Lu-Hf isotope constraints from detrital zircon in major rivers
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
Combined U-Pb, O and Lu-Hf isotope analyses of detrital zircon grains from five major rivers in Ghana are used to investigate the growth and evolution of the Birimian terrane of the West African Craton. The majority of the analysed zircon yields supra-chondritic εHf values, suggesting derivation from primarily juvenile host magmas. Zircon grains from the Birim River in southwestern Ghana deviate from the generally juvenile trend, where the sub-chondritic εHf but mantle-like δ18O of the 2.15 Ga population suggest reworking of ancient, but unweathered, meta-igneous crust. Hf-O isotope data from detrital zircons of the remaining rivers are consistent with sequential crust generation between ca. 2.2 and 2.1 Ga. Oxygen isotope data suggest that the contribution from Archaean sedimentary material to felsic magmas was below 30%, and in most cases below 10%. Zircon with strongly positive εHf values and elevated δ18O indicate rapid reworking of juvenile crust within southern Ghana. An increase towards heavier oxygen isotope signatures over time suggests a maturing arc system with rapid recycling of juvenile supracrustal material during the evolution of the Birimian terrane.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Early online date||2018 Jan 31|
|Publication status||Published - 2018 Feb|