Bleeding complications after cardiac arrest and targeted temperature management, a post hoc study of the targeted temperature management trial

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Target Temperature Management (TTM) is standard care following out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). The aim of the study was to evaluate if treatment temperature (33°C or 36°C) or other predefined variables were associated with the occurrence of bleeding in the TTM study. This study is a predefined, post hoc analysis of the TTM trial, a multinational randomized controlled trial comparing treatment at 33°C and 36°C for 24 hours after OHCA with return of spontaneous circulation. Bleeding events from several locations were registered daily. The main outcome measure was occurrence of any bleeding during the first 3 days of intensive care. Risk factors for bleeding, including temperature allocation, were evaluated. Complete data were available for 722/939 patients. Temperature allocation was not associated with bleeding either in the univariable (p = 0.95) or in the primary multivariable analysis (odds ratio [OR] 0.95; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.64–1.41, p = 0.80). A multiple imputation model, including all patients, was used as a sensitivity analysis, rendering similar results (OR 0.98; 95% CI 0.69–1.38, p = 0.92). Factors associated with bleeding were increasing age, female sex, and angiography with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) within 36 hours of cardiac arrest (CA) in both the primary and the sensitivity analysis. TTM at 33°C, when compared to TTM at 36°C, was not associated with an increased incidence of bleeding during the first 3 days of intensive care after CA. Increasing age, female gender, and PCI were independently associated with any bleeding the first 3 days after CA.


External organisations
  • University of Wales
  • Skåne University Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems


  • bleeding, cardiac arrest, coagulation, hypothermia, targeted temperature management
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-183
Number of pages7
JournalTherapeutic hypothermia and temperature management
Issue number3
Early online date2018 Dec 6
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Sep 1
Publication categoryResearch

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Ulf Schött


Project: Research

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