Blood flow velocity in the uterine and ovarian arteries during the normal menstrual cycle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Standard

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Blood flow velocity in the uterine and ovarian arteries during the normal menstrual cycle

AU - Sladkevicius, Povilas

AU - Valentin, Lil

AU - Marsal, Karel

PY - 1993

Y1 - 1993

N2 - Twelve healthy women with regular menstrual cycles were examined with a combination of two-dimensional real-time ultrasound and color and spectral Doppler techniques on cycle days 4 and 8 and daily from cycle day 12 until follicular rupture, then days + 1, +2, +5, +7 and +12 after follicular rupture. The uterine and subendometrial arteries, arteries in the ovarian stroma and hilum, in the wall of the largest follicle of each ovary, and in the wall of the corpus luteum were examined. The pulsatility index and the time-averaged maximum velocity were calculated. In the uterine arteries the pulsatility index was highest on day + 2, after which it decreased successively to its lowest value, whereas the time-averaged maximum velocity reached its highest value on day + 12. Similar changes were observed in the subendometrial arteries. In the non-dominant ovary, neither the pulsatility index nor the time-averaged maximum velocity manifested any consistent changes during the cycle. In the dominant ovary, the time-averaged maximum velocity increased and the pulsatility index decreased after follicular rupture, being significantly higher and lower, respectively, in the luteal than in the follicular phase. These changes were seen in the ovarian hilum, stroma and follicular wall, but were most obvious in the wall of the dominant follicle and of the corpus luteum. We conclude that the blood circulation in the uterus and in the dominant ovary changes considerably during the menstrual cycle, whereas that in the non-dominant ovary shows no unequivocal changes.

AB - Twelve healthy women with regular menstrual cycles were examined with a combination of two-dimensional real-time ultrasound and color and spectral Doppler techniques on cycle days 4 and 8 and daily from cycle day 12 until follicular rupture, then days + 1, +2, +5, +7 and +12 after follicular rupture. The uterine and subendometrial arteries, arteries in the ovarian stroma and hilum, in the wall of the largest follicle of each ovary, and in the wall of the corpus luteum were examined. The pulsatility index and the time-averaged maximum velocity were calculated. In the uterine arteries the pulsatility index was highest on day + 2, after which it decreased successively to its lowest value, whereas the time-averaged maximum velocity reached its highest value on day + 12. Similar changes were observed in the subendometrial arteries. In the non-dominant ovary, neither the pulsatility index nor the time-averaged maximum velocity manifested any consistent changes during the cycle. In the dominant ovary, the time-averaged maximum velocity increased and the pulsatility index decreased after follicular rupture, being significantly higher and lower, respectively, in the luteal than in the follicular phase. These changes were seen in the ovarian hilum, stroma and follicular wall, but were most obvious in the wall of the dominant follicle and of the corpus luteum. We conclude that the blood circulation in the uterus and in the dominant ovary changes considerably during the menstrual cycle, whereas that in the non-dominant ovary shows no unequivocal changes.

KW - Doppler ultrasound

KW - blood flow velocity

KW - menstrual cycle

U2 - 10.1046/j.1469-0705.1993.03030199.x

DO - 10.1046/j.1469-0705.1993.03030199.x

M3 - Article

VL - 3

SP - 199

EP - 208

JO - Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology

JF - Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology

SN - 1469-0705

IS - 3

ER -