Brain injury activates microglia that induce neural stem cell proliferation ex vivo and promote differentiation of neurosphere-derived cells into neurons and oligodendrocytes

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Abstract

Brain damage, such as ischemic stroke, enhances proliferation of neural stem/progenitor cells (NSPCs) in the subventricular zone (SVZ) To date, no reliable in vitro systems, which can be used to unravel the potential mechanisms underlying this lesion induced effect, have been established Here we developed an ex vivo method to investigate how the proliferation of NSPCs changes over time after experimental stroke or excitotoxic striatal lesion in the adult rat brain by studying the effects of microglial cells derived from an in jured brain on NSPCs We isolated NSPCs from the SVZ of brains with lesions and analyzed their growth and differentiation when cultured as neurospheres We found that NSPCs isolated from the brains 1-2 weeks following injury consistently generated more and larger neurospheres than those harvested from naive brains We attributed these effects to the presence of microglial cells in NSPC cultures that originated from injured brains We suggest that the effects are due to released factors because we observed increased proliferation of NSPCs isolated from non-injured brains when they were exposed to conditioned medium from cultures containing microglial cells derived from injured brains Furthermore, we found that NSPCs derived from injured brains were more likely to differentiate into neurons and oligodendrocytes than astrocytes Our ex vivo system reliably mimics what is ob served in vivo following brain injury It constitutes a powerful tool that could be used to identify factors that promote NSPC proliferation and differentiation in response to injury induced activation of microglial cells, by using tools such as proteomics and gene array technology (C) 2010 IBRO Published by Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved

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Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Neurosciences

Keywords

  • stroke, neural progenitor, SVZ, ischemia, neurogenesis, microglia
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1386-1396
JournalNeuroscience
Volume171
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Neuronal Survival (013212041)

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