BRCA2 Polymorphic Stop Codon K3326X and the Risk of Breast, Prostate, and Ovarian Cancers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The K3326X variant in BRCA2 (BRCA2∗c.9976A>T p.Lys3326∗rs11571833) has been found to be associated with small increased risks of breast cancer. However, it is not clear to what extent linkage disequilibrium with fully pathogenic mutations might account for this association. There is scant information about the effect of K3326X in other hormonerelated cancers. Methods: Using weighted logistic regression, we analyzed data from the large iCOGS study including 76637 cancer case patients and 83796 control patients to estimate odds ratios (ORw) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for K3326X variant carriers in relation to breast, ovarian, and prostate cancer risks, with weights defined as probability of not having a pathogenic BRCA2 variant. Using Cox proportional hazards modeling, we also examined the associations of K3326X with breast and ovarian cancer risks among 7183 BRCA1 variant carriers. All statistical tests were two-sided. Results: The K3326X variant was associated with breast (ORw = 1.28, 95% CI = 1.17 to 1.40, P = 5.9×10-6) and invasive ovarian cancer (ORw = 1.26, 95% CI = 1.10 to 1.43, P = 3.8×10-3). These associations were stronger for serous ovarian cancer and for estrogen receptor-negative breast cancer (ORw = 1.46, 95% CI = 1.2 to 1.70, P = 3.4×10-5 and ORw = 1.50, 95% CI = 1.28 to 1.76, P = 4.1×10-5, respectively). For BRCA1 mutation carriers, there was a statistically significant inverse association of the K3326X variant with risk of ovarian cancer (HR = 0.43, 95% CI = 0.22 to 0.84, P = .013) but no association with breast cancer. No association with prostate cancer was observed. Conclusions: Our study provides evidence that the K3326X variant is associated with risk of developing breast and ovarian cancers independent of other pathogenic variants in BRCA2. Further studies are needed to determine the biological mechanism of action responsible for these associations.

Details

Authors
  • Huong D. Meeks
  • Honglin Song
  • Kyriaki Michailidou
  • Manjeet K. Bolla
  • Joe Dennis
  • Qin Wang
  • Daniel Barrowdale
  • Debra Frost
  • Lesley McGuffog
  • Steve Ellis
  • Bingjian Feng
  • Saundra S. Buys
  • John L. Hopper
  • Melissa C. Southey
  • Andrea Tesoriero
  • Paul A. James
  • Fiona Bruinsma
  • Ian G. Campbell
  • Annegien Broeks
  • Marjanka K. Schmidt
  • Frans B L Hogervorst
  • Matthias W. Beckman
  • Peter A. Fasching
  • Olivia Fletcher
  • Nichola Johnson
  • Elinor J. Sawyer
  • Elio Riboli
  • Susana Banerjee
  • Usha Menon
  • Ian Tomlinson
  • Barbara Burwinkel
  • Ute Hamann
  • Frederik Marme
  • Anja Rudolph
  • Ramunas Janavicius
  • Laima Tihomirova
  • Nadine Tung
  • Judy Garber
  • Daniel Cramer
  • Kathryn L. Terry
  • Elizabeth M. Poole
  • Shelley S. Tworoger
  • Cecilia M. Dorfling
  • Elizabeth J. Van Rensburg
  • Andrew K. Godwin
  • Pascal Guénel
  • Thérèse Truong
  • Dominique Stoppa-Lyonnet
  • Francesca Damiola
  • Sylvie Mazoyer
  • Olga M. Sinilnikova
  • Claudine Isaacs
  • Christine Maugard
  • Stig E. Bojesen
  • Henrik Flyger
  • Anne Marie Gerdes
  • Thomas V O Hansen
  • Allen Jensen
  • Susanne K. Kjaer
  • Claus Hogdall
  • Estrid Hogdall
  • Inge Sokilde Pedersen
  • Mads Thomassen
  • Javier Benitez
  • Anna González-Neira
  • Ana Osorio
  • Miguel De La Hoya
  • Pedro Perez Segura
  • Orland Diez
  • Conxi Lazaro
  • Joan Brunet
  • Hoda Anton-Culver
  • Lee Eunjung
  • Esther M. John
  • Susan L. Neuhausen
  • Yuan Chun Ding
  • Danielle Castillo
  • Jeffrey N. Weitzel
  • Patricia A. Ganz
  • Robert L. Nussbaum
  • Salina B. Chan
  • Beth Y. Karlan
  • Jenny Lester
  • Anna Wu
  • Simon Gayther
  • Susan J. Ramus
  • Weiva Sieh
  • Alice S. Whittermore
  • Alvaro N A Monteiro
  • Catherine M. Phelan
  • Mary Beth Terry
  • Marion Piedmonte
  • Kenneth Offit
  • Mark Robson
  • Douglas Levine
  • Kirsten B. Moysich
  • Rikki Cannioto
  • Sara H. Olson
  • Mary B. Daly
  • Katherine L. Nathanson
  • Susan M. Domchek
  • Karen H. Lu
  • Dong Liang
  • Michelle A T Hildebrant
  • Roberta Ness
  • Francesmary Modugno
  • Leigh Pearce
  • Marc T. Goodman
  • Pamela J. Thompson
  • Hermann Brenner
  • Katja Butterbach
  • Alfons Meindl
  • Eric Hahnen
  • Barbara Wappenschmidt
  • Hiltrud Brauch
  • Thomas Brüning
  • Carl Blomqvist
  • Sofia Khan
  • Heli Nevanlinna
  • Liisa M. Pelttari
  • Kristiina Aittomäki
  • Ralf Butzow
  • Natalia V. Bogdanova
  • Thilo Dörk
  • Annika Lindblom
  • Sara Margolin
  • Johanna Rantala
  • Veli Matti Kosma
  • Arto Mannermaa
  • Diether Lambrechts
  • Patrick Neven
  • Kathleen B M Claes
  • Tom Van Maerken
  • Jenny Chang-Claude
  • Dieter Flesch-Janys
  • Florian Heitz
  • Raymonda Varon-Mateeva
  • Paolo Peterlongo
  • Paolo Radice
  • Alessandra Viel
  • Monica Barile
  • Bernard Peissel
  • Siranoush Manoukian
  • Marco Montagna
  • Cristina Oliani
  • Ana Peixoto
  • Manuel R. Teixeira
  • Anita Collavoli
  • Emily Hallberg
  • Janet E. Olson
  • Ellen L. Goode
  • Steven N. Hart
  • Hermela Shimelis
  • Julie M. Cunningham
  • Graham G. Giles
  • Roger L. Milne
  • Sue Healey
  • Kathy Tucker
  • Christopher A. Haiman
  • Brian E. Henderson
  • Mark S. Goldberg
  • Marc Tischkowitz
  • Jacques Simard
  • Penny Soucy
  • Diana M. Eccles
  • Nhu Le
  • Anne Lise Borresen-Dale
  • Vessela Kristensen
  • Helga B. Salvesen
  • Line Bjorge
  • Elisa V. Bandera
  • Harvey Risch
  • Wei Zheng
  • Alicia Beeghly-Fadiel
  • Hui Cai
  • Katri Pylkäs
  • Robert A E M Tollenaar
  • Ans M W Van Der Ouweland
  • Irene L. Andrulis
  • Julia A. Knight
  • Steven Narod
  • Peter Devilee
  • Robert Winqvist
  • Jonine Figueroa
  • Mark H. Greene
  • Phuong L. Mai
  • Jennifer T. Loud
  • Montserrat García-Closas
  • Minouk J. Schoemaker
  • Kamila Czene
  • Hatef Darabi
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  • Rosalind Glasspool
  • Ava Kwong
  • Sue K. Park
  • Soo Hwang Teo
  • Sook Yee Yoon
  • Keitaro Matsuo
  • Satoyo Hosono
  • Yin Ling Woo
  • Yu Tang Gao
  • Lenka Foretova
  • Christian F. Singer
  • Christine Rappaport-Feurhauser
  • Eitan Friedman
  • Yael Laitman
  • Gad Rennert
  • Evgeny N. Imyanitov
  • Peter J. Hulick
  • Olufunmilayo I. Olopade
  • Leigha Senter
  • Edith Olah
  • Jennifer A. Doherty
  • Joellen Schildkraut
  • Linetta B. Koppert
  • Lambertus A. Kiemeney
  • Leon F A G Massuger
  • Linda S. Cook
  • Tanja Pejovic
  • Jingmei Li
  • Anna Öfverholm
  • Mary Anne Rossing
  • Nicolas Wentzensen
  • Karin Henriksson
  • Angela Cox
  • Simon S. Cross
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  • Mitul Shah
  • Maria Kabisch
  • Diana Torres
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  • Bjarni A. Agnarsson
  • Jolanta Kupryjanczyk
  • Joanna Moes-Sosnowska
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  • Irene Konstantopoulou
  • Susan Slager
  • Michael Jones
  • Antonis C. Antoniou
  • Andrew Berchuck
  • Anthony Swerdlow
  • Georgia Chenevix-Trench
  • Alison M. Dunning
  • Paul D P Pharoah
  • Per Hall
  • Douglas F. Easton
  • Fergus J. Couch
  • Amanda B. Spurdle
  • David E. Goldgar
Organisations
External organisations
  • University of Utah
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  • University of Melbourne
  • Cancer Council Victoria
  • Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre
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  • Netherlands Cancer Institute
  • Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg
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  • Oslo university hospital
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  • University of Hong Kong
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  • Shanghai Cancer Institute
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  • Medical University of Vienna
  • Sheba Medical Center
  • Carmel Medical Center
  • N. N. Petrov Institute of Oncology
  • NorthShore University HealthSystem
  • University of Chicago
  • Ohio State University
  • National Institute of Oncology, Budapest
  • Dartmouth College
  • Duke University
  • Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
  • Radboud University Nijmegen
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  • Oregon Health & Science University
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  • University of Sheffield
  • Pontificia Universidad Javeriana
  • Pomeranian Medical University
  • National University Hospital of Iceland
  • The Maria Sklodowska-Curie Memorial Cancer Center and Institute of Oncology
  • National Centre for Scientific Research Demokritos
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Cancer and Oncology
Original languageEnglish
Article numberdjv315
JournalJournal of the National Cancer Institute
Volume108
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Feb 1
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes