Brevican and Neurocan Peptides as Potential Cerebrospinal Fluid Biomarkers for Differentiation Between Vascular Dementia and Alzheimer's Disease

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Brevican and neurocan are central nervous system-specific extracellular matrix proteoglycans. They are degraded by extracellular enzymes, such as metalloproteinases. However, their degradation profile is largely unexplored in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).

OBJECTIVE: The study aim was to quantify proteolytic peptides derived from brevican and neurocan in human CSF of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and vascular dementia (VaD) compared with controls.

METHODS: The first cohort consisted of 75 individuals including 25 patients with AD, 7 with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) diagnosed with AD upon follow-up, 10 patients with VaD or MCI diagnosed with VaD upon follow-up, and 33 healthy controls and cognitively stable MCI patients. In the second cohort, 31 individuals were included (5 AD patients, 14 VaD patients and 12 healthy controls). Twenty proteolytic peptides derived from brevican (n = 9) and neurocan (n = 11) were quantified using high-resolution parallel reaction monitoring mass spectrometry.

RESULTS: In the first cohort, the majority of CSF concentrations of brevican and neurocan peptides were significantly decreased inVaDas compared withADpatients (AUC = 0.83.0.93, p≤0.05) and as compared with the control group (AUC = 0.79.0.87, p ≤ 0.05). In the second cohort, CSF concentrations of two brevican peptides (B87, B156) were significantly decreased in VaD compared with AD (AUC = 0.86.0.91, p ≤ 0.05) and to controls (AUC = 0.80.0.82, p ≤ 0.05), while other brevican and neurocan peptides showed a clear trend to be decreased in VaD compared with AD (AUC = 0.64.80, p > 0.05). No peptides differed between AD and controls.

CONCLUSION: Brevican and neurocan peptides are potential diagnostic biomarkers for VaD, with ability to separate VaD from AD.

Details

Authors
  • Karolina Minta
  • Gunnar Brinkmalm
  • Erik Portelius
  • Per Johansson
  • Johan Svensson
  • Petronella Kettunen
  • Anders Wallin
  • Henrik Zetterberg
  • Kaj Blennow
  • Ulf Andreasson
Organisations
External organisations
  • University of Gothenburg
  • University College London
  • Sahlgrenska Academy
  • Skaraborg Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Neurosciences
  • Neurology
  • Psychiatry
  • Analytical Chemistry

Keywords

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2020 Dec 17
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes