Bullying in School-aged Children in Iceland: A Cross-sectional Study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Purpose: We describe the frequency and variations in bullying among a representative national sample of school-age children and examine whether sociodemographic characteristics are associated with bullying. Design and Methods: This study is based on a cross-sectional school-based survey-the Icelandic contribution to the international research network Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC). The study population included all students in Iceland in grades 6, 8 and 10 (mean ages: 11, 13 and 15. years, respectively) (participation rate: 84%; n = 11,018). The students completed an anonymous standardized questionnaire administered in the classroom. Results: The self-reported frequency of being victimized by bullying at least 2-3 times every month was 5.5%. A younger age, speaking a foreign language at home, not living with one's parents, and living in a rural area, were all associated with higher frequencies of being bullied. Conclusions: Despite efforts to reduce bullying in school, experiences of being victimized through bullying are still too common among Icelandic school-age children. Stakeholders and school health administrators should consider sociodemographic antecedents when planning interventions to reduce bullying at school.


External organisations
  • Kristianstad University
  • University of Iceland
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology


  • Bullying, Cross-sectional study, School-aged children
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e30-e34
JournalJournal of Pediatric Nursing
Early online date2017 Jun 2
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Publication categoryResearch

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