Burden of Atopic Dermatitis in Swedish Adults: A Population-based Study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The burden of atopic dermatitis (AD) was assessed. A population-based, cross-sectional questionnaire study was performed among 34,313 Swedish adults in 2017. The prevalence of AD was 14%. Adults with mild AD had an increased relative risk ratio (RRR) of severe depression (aRRR 1.78, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.50–2.12) and anxiety (aRRR 1.97, 95% CI 1.69–2.30), which was higher for severe AD (aRRR 6.22 95% CI 4.60– 8.42, aRRR 5.62 95% CI 4.10–7.71, respectively). Persons with severe AD were less likely to have a university degree (aRRR 0.55, 95% CI 0.34–0.90) and more likely to have a lower annual income (238,000–324,000 SEK: aRRR 0.51, 95% CI 0.39–0.77; 325,000 SEK or more 0.36; 0.25–0.58) compared with individuals without AD. These results suggest that AD implies an increased prevalence of comorbid mental conditions and an adverse impact on academic achievement and work. These adverse associations increase substantially for patients with severe AD and comorbid asthma.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Örebro University
  • University College London
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Dermatology and Venereal Diseases
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
JournalActa Dermato-Venereologica
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2019 Jul 10
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes