By Who, for Whom? Landscape, Process and Economy in the Bloomery Iron Production AD 400-1000

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Landscape, process and economy in the bloomery iron production during AD
400–1000 are all integrated in this paper initiated by an archaeological exca-
vation of a bloomery site in Motala in Östergötland, southeast Sweden. This
site is one among other contemporaneous sites with similar features, such as long-term iron production and a location in the landscape within easy reach of
communication routes and, most importantly, access to the vital raw materials
ore and wood. The site is placed in a rich region with several high-status fea-
tures, such as richly furnished graves and settlements.
We evaluate the transfer of knowledge and skills in a landscape perspective. Interactions in a complex network involving various entrepreneurs, from producers to consumers, are suggested as central. The major focus is on the importance of the organisation, the economic point of view, as well as quality and trade.


External organisations
  • The Archaeologists
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • History and Archaeology


  • Bloomery Iron Production, Scandinavian Iron Age, Heterarchy, Archeometallurgy, Commodity chains, Economy, Landscape Archaeology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-50
JournalJournal of Archaeology and Ancient history
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 8
Publication categoryResearch

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