Calcium-activated chloride channel regulator 1 as a prognostic biomarker in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In a previous study utilizing mass spectrometry-based proteomics, we identified calcium-activated chloride channel regulator 1 (CLCA1) as a potential tumor suppressor in pancreatic cancer and the expression was inversely correlated with patient survival. The aim of the study was to further validate the prognostic significance of CLCA1 in pancreatic cancer. METHODS: CLCA1 expression was evaluated with tissue microarrays and immunohistochemistry in 140 patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma that underwent surgical resection at Skåne University Hospital, Sweden. Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazards modeling were used to explore the association between CLCA1 and clinicopathological factors and survival. RESULTS: CLCA1 expression was denoted as positive in 90 tumors (64.3%), with positive staining being limited to the tumor cells. There were no significant association between CLCA1 expression and established clinicopathological parameters. Low CLCA1 expression correlated significantly with shorter disease-free survival (11.9 vs 17.5 months, P = 0.042). Multivariable Cox regression analysis confirmed the results (HR 0.61, 95% CI-0.40-0.92, P = 0.019). CONCLUSIONS: Low CLCA1 expression is an independent factor of poor disease-free survival in pancreatic cancer.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Wenzhou Medical University
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • The 2nd Affiliated Hospital & Yuying Children's Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Cancer and Oncology

Keywords

  • Calcium-activated chloride channel regulators, CLCA1, Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, Survival
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
JournalBMC Cancer
Volume18
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Nov 12
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

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