Can domestic production of iLUC-free feedstock from arable land supply Sweden’s future demand for biofuels?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The increasing biofuel production from agricultural crops has been suggested to cause indirect land use change (iLUC). This increases interest in biofuel feedstocks that qualify as iLUC-free: (1) residues without a market, (2) crops from previously unused arable land, (3) additional crops and (4) biomass from intensified production. In the present study, biofuel potential from such feedstocks was quantified for Sweden and compared against the predicted biofuel demand from agricultural resources in 2030. The results indicate that straw (category 1) could cover up to 37% of future biofuel demand. Grass leys from intensified production (category 4), set-aside and abandoned land (category 2) and excess grass silage (category 1) could cover up to 79%. Intermediate and ecological focus area crops (category 3) could contribute up to 21%. To realize the biofuel targets, a high implementation rate of additional iLUC-free feedstock is needed. Future studies need to investigate impacts of low-iLUC policies.


External organisations
  • Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
  • Energy Systems


  • biogas, energy potential, grass ley, Indirect land use change, residues, straw
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)407-441
Number of pages35
JournalJournal of Land Use Science
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Nov 2
Publication categoryResearch

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Serina Ahlgren, Lovisa Björnsson, Thomas Prade & Mikael Lantz

Swedish Energy Agency


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