Capture of bacterial endotoxins using a supermacroporous monolithic matrix with immobilized polyethyleneimine, lysozyme or polymyxin B

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Abstract

Bacterial endotoxins (BEs) are integrated part of Escherichia coli, a microorganism widely used for the production of recombinant proteins. BEs should be eliminated in the course of down stream processing of target protein produced by these bacteria. Supermacroporous monolith (continuous bed) columns, so called cryogel columns, with immobilized polyethyleneimine (PEI), polymyxin B (PMB) and lysozyme were employed for BEs capture. Due to the large interconnected pores it was possible to use cryogel columns at flow rates as high as 10 ml/min. The columns packed with Sepharose CL-4B with immobilized PEI, PMB and lysozyme were impossible to use at these high flow rates due to the collapse of the bed. The dynamic capacities of the cryogel columns were nearly independent of the flow rate. In the presence of EDTA, BEs were quantitatively captured from mixtures with a model protein, bovine serum albumin (BSA) at pH 7.2 with practically no protein losses. At pH 3.6 BEs were captured directly from non-clarified E. coli cell lysate resulting in more than 104 times BEs clearance. (C) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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  • Industrial Biotechnology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)421-433
JournalJournal of Biotechnology
Volume118
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2005
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes