Cardiovascular biomarkers and risk of low-energy fractures among middle-aged men and women—A population-based study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Background: Low-energy fractures are a growing health challenge as their incidence increases with advancing age. As cardiovascular instability may be associated with higher likelihood of traumatic falls, we aimed to investigate the associations between four cardiovascular biomarkers and the risk of low-energy fractures in a middle-aged population. Methods: A total of 5291 individuals from the prospective Malmö Diet and Cancer (MDC) study (mean age, 57 years; 59% women) with data on baseline levels of four cardiovascular biomarkers: mid-regional-fragment of pro-adrenomedullin-peptide (MR-pro-ADM), mid-regional-fragment of pro-atrial-natriuretic-peptide (MR-proANP), N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) and C-terminal-pro-arginine-vasopressin (CT-pro-AVP/Copeptin) were included. The associations between biomarker levels and first incident low-energy fracture were tested in Cox proportional-hazard models, taking potential interactions and traditional risk factors into account. Results: Participants were followed for a median time of 21.0 years, during which 1002 subjects (19%) experienced at least one low-energy fracture. Subjects with incident fracture were older, more likely to be women, had lower BMI and higher prevalence of previous fractures. Among biomarkers, there was a significant interaction between gender and MR-pro-ADM on the risk of fracture (p = 0.002). MR-pro-ADM predicted fractures in men only (hazard ratio, 1.23; 95% CI 1.09-1.40; p = 0.001), whereas there was no association among women. Levels of MR-pro-ANP, NT-pro-BNP and CT-pro-AVP did not predict fractures. Conclusions Higher circulating levels of MR-pro-ADM predict low-energy fractures among middle-agedmen, whereas levels of MR-pro-ANP, NT-pro-BNP and CT-pro-AVP are not associated with increased fracture risk. Further controlled studies should test the hypothesis whether MRpro- ADM may improve prediction of bone fractures.


External organisations
  • Hammersmith Hospital
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • Imperial College London
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
  • Orthopedics
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0203692
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Sep 14
Publication categoryResearch