CCR2(+)CD103(-) intestinal dendritic cells develop from DC-committed precursors and induce interleukin-17 production by T cells.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The identification of intestinal macrophages (mφs) and dendritic cells (DCs) is a matter of intense debate. Although CD103(+) mononuclear phagocytes (MPs) appear to be genuine DCs, the nature and origins of CD103(-) MPs remain controversial. We show here that intestinal CD103(-)CD11b(+) MPs can be separated clearly into DCs and mφs based on phenotype, gene profile, and kinetics. CD64(-)CD103(-)CD11b(+) MPs are classical DCs, being derived from Flt3 ligand-dependent, DC-committed precursors, not Ly6C(hi) monocytes. Surprisingly, a significant proportion of these CD103(-)CD11b(+) DCs express CCR2 and there is a selective decrease in CD103(-)CD11b(+) DCs in mice lacking this chemokine receptor. CCR2(+)CD103(-) DCs are present in both the murine and human intestine, drive interleukin (IL)-17a production by T cells in vitro, and show constitutive expression of IL-12/IL-23p40. These data highlight the heterogeneity of intestinal DCs and reveal a bona fide population of CCR2(+) DCs that is involved in priming mucosal T helper type 17 (Th17) responses.Mucosal Immunology advance online publication, 20 August 2014; doi:10.1038/mi.2014.70.


  • C L Scott
  • C C Bain
  • P B Wright
  • D Sichien
  • Knut Kotarsky
  • Emma Persson
  • Katarzyna Luda
  • M Guilliams
  • B N Lambrecht
  • William Agace
  • S Wf Milling
  • Allan Mowat
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Immunology in the medical area
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)327-339
JournalMucosal Immunology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Publication categoryResearch

Related research output

Müller Luda, K., 2018, Lund: Lund University, Faculty of Medicine. 97 p.

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (monograph)

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