Cell-based therapy for Parkinson's disease: A journey through decades toward the light side of the Force

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This review describes the history, development, and evolution of cell-based replacement therapy for Parkinson's disease (PD), from the first pioneering trials with fetal ventral midbrain progenitors to future trials using stem cells as well as reprogrammed cells. In the spirit of Tom Isaacs, the review takes parallels to the storyline of Star Wars, including the temptations from the dark side and the continuous fight for the light side of the Force. It is subdivided into headings based on the original movies, spanning from A New Hope to the Last Jedi.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Neurosciences


  • cell reprogramming, human embryonic stem cells, human-induced pluripotent stem cells, induced neurons, Parkinson's disease, Star Wars, transplantation
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)463-471
JournalEuropean Journal of Neuroscience
Issue number4
Early online date2018 Aug 12
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Publication categoryResearch