Cerebrospinal fluid d-serine and glycine concentrations are unaltered and unaffected by olanzapine therapy in male schizophrenic patients
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N-Methyl d-aspartate (NMDA)-receptor hypofunction has been implicated in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia and d-serine and glycine add-on therapy to antipsychotics has shown beneficial effects in schizophrenic patients. Nevertheless, previous studies have not shown consistently altered d-serine concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of schizophrenic patients. To confirm and extend these results, CSF concentrations of both endogenous NMDA-receptor co-agonists d-serine and glycine and their common precursor l-serine were analyzed simultaneously in 17 healthy controls and 19 schizophrenic patients before and 6 weeks after daily olanzapine (10 mg) treatment. CSF d-serine, l-serine and glycine concentrations and their relative ratios were similar between schizophrenic patients and controls and no differences were observed before and after olanzapine therapy. Thus, the NMDA-receptor hypofunction hypothesis in schizophrenia is not explained by olanzapine therapy-dependent absolute or relative decreases in CSF d-serine and glycine concentrations in this series of male patients, thereby not providing convenient markers for the disorder.
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|Publication status||Published - 2008 May 1|