Change of ultraviolet light transmittance in growing chicken and quail eyes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The ocular media transmittance (OMT), the amount of light transmitted by the ocular media (the cornea, aqueous humour, lens and vitreous humour) to the retina, determines the sensitivity of vertebrate eyes to short-wavelength light, such as ultraviolet (UV). Earlier, we have measured the OMT of adult birds from a range of species and found that smaller eyes transmitted more UV-light to the retina than larger eyes. In the current study we measured OMT during post-hatch development in Japanese quails and domestic chickens. We show that in both species, OMT decreases as the eye size increases similarly to that what was found across various species, but that quails have lower OMT than expected from eye size. In both species, lens transmittance decreases linearly with lens thickness suggesting that UV-transmittance through the lenses is not actively controlled, but instead determined by UV-absorbance and scattering that occur in all biological tissues. Contrary to earlier assumptions of high cornea transmittance, we found that cornea transmittance is more variable, substantially influencing whole eye transmittance in all age groups of quail and in young chickens. It seems that additional absorbing pigments are used to more actively control cornea transmittance and thereby also overall OMT.

Details

Authors
  • Peter Olsson
  • Mindaugas Mitkus
  • Olle Lind
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Zoology

Keywords

  • Absorbance, Development, Ocular media, Pigment, Vision
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-335
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Comparative Physiology A
Volume202
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2016 May 1
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes