Changes in synovial fluid and serum concentrations of cartilage oligomeric matrix protein over 5 years after anterior cruciate ligament rupture: an exploratory analysis in the KANON trial

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Objective: To monitor longitudinal changes of cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) in synovial fluid (sf) and serum (s) over 5 years after acute anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture, and to compare results from two commercial COMP immunoassays. Design: Bio-fluids were collected from 121 patients on six occasions over 5 years after acute ACL injury, and from 25 knee healthy reference subjects. Concentrations of sf- and sCOMP were measured by AnaMar (sCOMP-Ana) and by BioVendor (sf- and sCOMP-Bio) immunoassays; other biomarkers were previously assessed. We used ANCOVA for group comparisons and linear mixed models for associations between biomarkers over 5-years with P < 0.05 considered a statistically significant difference or association. Results: Compared to the reference group, sfCOMP-Bio concentrations were 2-fold elevated within 6 weeks after ACL injury and remained elevated 5 years thereafter, whereas sCOMP-Bio and sCOMP-Ana concentrations were no different from reference levels at any time point. Over the 5-year period, there was an association between sCOMP-Bio and sCOMP-Ana concentrations, although neither sCOMP-Bio nor sCOMP-Ana associated with sfCOMP-Bio. sfCOMP-Bio associated with SF ARGS-aggrecan, urine type I and II collagens (uNTX-I and uCTX-II) and SF cytokines, while sCOMP-Bio associated inversely with uCTX-II, uNTX-I and SF cytokines. Conclusion: The local process after an acute ACL injury generates increased SF COMP concentrations in the injured knee up to 5 years after injury. This response is not detected in serum. Discrepancies in associations between sCOMP measured by BioVendor and AnaMar immunoassays with other biomarkers indicate differences in detected COMP fragments.


External organisations
  • Euro Diagnostica AB
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Rheumatology and Autoimmunity


  • ACL injury, Biomarkers, COMP, Synovial fluid
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1351-1358
JournalOsteoarthritis and Cartilage
Issue number10
Early online date2018
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan
Publication categoryResearch