Characterization of a continuous supermacroporous monolithic matrix for chromatographic separation of large bioparticles

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Abstract

A continuous supermacroporous monolithic chromatographic matrix has been characterized using a capillary model, experimental breakthrough curves, and pressure drop experiments. The model describes the convective flow and its dispersive mixing effects, mass transfer resistance, pore size distribution, and the adsorption behavior of the monolithic matrix. It is possible to determine an effective pore size distribution by fitting the capillary model to experimental breakthrough curves and pressure drop experiments. The model is able to describe the flow rate dependence of the experimental breakthrough curves. Mass transport resistance was due to: (i) dispersive mixing effects in the convective flow in the pores; and (ii) slow diffusion in the stagnant film covering the surface within each pore, under adsorption conditions. The monolithic matrix can be described by a very narrow pore size distribution, illustrating one of the advantages of the gel. A broader pore size distribution results in increased band broadening. This can be studied easily using the model developed in this investigation. (C) 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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  • Chemical Engineering
  • Industrial Biotechnology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)224-236
JournalBiotechnology and Bioengineering
Volume88
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes