Characterization of the DNA binding features of Saccharomyces castellii Cdc13p

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Abstract

The principal function of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Cdc13p is to provide a loading platform to recruit complexes that provide end protection and telomere replication. We isolated the Saccharomyces castellii Cdc13p homolog (scasCdc13p) and characterized the in vitro DNA binding features of the purified recombinant scasCdc13p. The full-length scasCdc13p binds specifically to G-rich single-stranded telomeric DNA, and not to double-stranded DNA or the C-rich strand. Moreover, the minimal binding site for scasCdc13p is the octamer 5'-GTGTCTGG-3' of the S. castellii telomeric sequence. The scasCdc13p displayed a high affinity binding, where four individual nucleotide residues were found to be of most importance for the sequence specificity. Nonetheless, scasCdc13p binds the telomeric repeats from various other species, including the human. In spite of considerable divergence in telomere repeat length and sequence between these species, a conserved Cdc13p binding motif was detected. Among the budding yeasts this conserved Cdc13p binding site overlaps the Rap1p binding site. Together, these data implicate scasCdc13p as a telomere end-binding protein with a potential role in the regulation of telomere maintenance in vivo. Moreover, the results suggest that Rap 1p and Cdc13p act together to preserve the conserved core present within the otherwise highly divergent btelomeric sequences among a wide variety of yeasts.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Biological Sciences

Keywords

  • telomere, DNA-binding protein, single-strand DNA, CDC13, S. castellii
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)335-346
JournalJournal of Molecular Biology
Volume355
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes