Charged polymer membrane translocation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We study the process of charged polymer translocation, driven by an external electric potential, through a narrow pore in a membrane. We assume that the number of polymer segments, m, having passed the entrance pore mouth, is a slow variable governing the translocation process. Outside the pore the probability that there is an end segment at the entrance pore mouth, is taken as the relevant parameter. In particular we derive an expression for the free energy as a function of m, F(m). F(m) is used in the Smoluchowski equation in order to obtain the flux of polymers through the pore. In the low voltage regime we find a thresholdlike behavior and exponential dependence on voltage. Above this regime the flux depends linearly on the applied voltage. At very high voltages the process is diffusion limited and the flux saturates to a constant value. The model accounts for all features of the recent experiments by Henrickson et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3057 (2000)] for the flux of DNA molecules through an α-hemolysin pore as a function of applied voltage.

Details

Authors
External organisations
  • Chalmers University of Technology
  • University of Gothenburg
  • National Institute of Standards and Technology
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Condensed Matter Physics
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4063-4073
JournalThe Journal of chemical physics
Volume117
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Aug 22
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes
Externally publishedYes