Chemical kinetic modelling of ammonia/hydrogen/air ignition, premixed flame propagation and NO emission

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This work reports on a study of chemical kinetic modelling of ammonia/hydrogen/air ignition, premixed flame propagation and NO emission. A survey of chemical mechanisms available in the literature was first conducted, and the performance of 10 mechanisms was analysed in terms of the prediction of shock tube ignition delay times, laminar flame speeds and NO x concentrations for NH 3 /air and NH 3 /H 2 /air flames for a wide range of operating conditions. Then, three of these mechanisms were reduced and their performance compared against the behaviour of the original mechanisms. The results confirm that pure NH 3 flames have high ignition delay times and rather low flame speeds, and that the addition of H 2 to NH 3 flames increases exponentially the flame speed, and significantly the NO x emission. The currently available chemical kinetic mechanisms predict rather scattered ignition delay times, laminar flame speeds, and NO x concentrations in NH 3 flames, indicating that improvements in the sub-mechanisms of NH 3 and NH 3 /H 2 oxidation are still needed. Sensitivity analysis for NO formation indicates that NO formation in NH 3 flames is mainly produced through the NH 3 /O 2 chemical process, and sensitivity analysis for flame speed reveals that the differences among mechanisms are due to the relative importance of the reactions of the NNH and HNO sub-mechanisms. The reduced mechanisms show high fidelity when compared with the original ones, despite some discrepancies at high pressures.


External organisations
  • University of Lisbon
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
  • Energy Engineering


  • Ammonia/hydrogen/air flames, Chemical kinetic modelling, Flame speed, Ignition, NO emission
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-33
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Publication categoryResearch