Chromate and amine contact allergies in workers manufacturing precast concrete elements

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Five workers from a plant manufacturing concrete wall panels and beams were referred to our department because of suspected occupational dermatitis. When patch tested, 3 workers reacted to potassium dichromate. Four workers reacted to ethylenediamine dihydrochloride, without any obvious exposure. Owing to the high proportion of workers with recent-onset skin disease, an investigation of all workers at the plant was initiated. Objectives: To investigate the prevalence of occupational dermatitis and contact allergy in the workers at the plant. Methods: All 24 workers at the plant underwent a clinical investigation and were patch tested. Results: Four cases of allergic occupational contact dermatitis and 3 cases of irritant occupational contact dermatitis were diagnosed. Contact allergy to potassium dichromate was found in 4 workers. All 4 also reacted to ethylenediamine dihydrochloride and/or amines that were present as additives in the cement. Conclusions: Chromate contact allergy can still be found in concrete workers, despite the legislation regulating the amount of hexavalent chromium (chromate) in cement. Occupational contact allergy to amines can be found in workers exposed to cement and concrete, so amines should be tested in these workers.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Skåne University Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Dermatology and Venereal Diseases

Keywords

  • allergic contact dermatitis, amines, cement, chromium, concrete, ethylenediamine, irritant contact dermatitis, occupational
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)363-369
Number of pages7
JournalContact Dermatitis
Volume75
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Dec 1
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes