Chromatographic separation of hemoglobin variants using robust molecularly imprinted polymers
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
Devising a robust, efficient and cost effective hemoglobin (Hb) purification strategy is one of the key challenges in the development of Hb-based blood substitutes. The aim of this study was to use molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) as a novel and efficient chromatographic resin to selectively recognize and purify different Hb variants. The results showed that the Hb-MIP material developed here could selectively recognize and purify various Hb directly from either crude E. coli extracts or human body fluids, such as blood plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), in one-step. The dynamic binding capacity at 10% breakthrough was around 7.4 mg mL−1resin for adult Hb (HbA) and fetal Hb (HbF). This chromatographic material also allowed identification of changes related to amino acid substitutions on the Hb protein surface. For instance, when an additional lysine residue was introduced, the HbA αY42K mutant eluted later in an Hb-MIP column than wildtype HbA. Additional negative charges on the protein surface, such as aspartate, mitigated the interaction between the protein and imprinted polymers, and therefore an αA19D-αA12D HbF mutant eluted earlier, at −2.7 column volumes compared to wildtype HbF.