Clinical and microbiological features of Actinotignum bacteremia: a retrospective observational study of 57 cases
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence, clinical presentation, and prognosis of Actinotignum bacteremia in southern Sweden. Actinotignum isolates in blood cultures were identified retrospectively between 1st January 2012 and 31st March 2016 through searches in the clinical microbiology laboratory database. The population covered by this laboratory is approximately 1.3 million. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) was used for species determination. Etests were used for minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) determination. The patients’ medical charts were reviewed. Fifty-eight episodes in fifty-seven patients with Actinotignum bacteremia were identified (A. schaalii = 53, A. sanguinis = 1, A. urinale = 2, and Actinotignum species = 3), which corresponds to an incidence of 11 cases per million inhabitants. Fifty-one percent of the isolates were in pure culture. The MICs were low for β-lactam antibiotics, whereas high MICs were recorded for ciprofloxacin and trimethoprim. Patients had a median age of 82 years, 72% were male, and a majority had underlying urological conditions. Thirty-six of the patients were diagnosed with a focus from the urinary tract. Thirty-one patients developed severe sepsis and nine patients died during the hospital stay. Our study is the largest of Actinotignum bacteremia and demonstrates that it is a condition with a significant fatality that affects elderly persons with underlying conditions. β-Lactams represent a rational treatment option.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Journal||European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases|
|Early online date||2016 Dec 12|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|