Clinical examination compared with morphometry of digital photographs for evaluation of repaired cleft lips

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Twenty-four adult patients who had been operated on as infants for isolated cleft lip underwent clinical examination combined with photographic documentation using a digital camera. The same predetermined protocol comprising 20 variables describing nasolabial appearance was used for both the clinical examination and the computerised evaluation of the images. The correlation between the two methods is described in the present study. The results obtained with the two methods agreed closely. For metric variables the mean coefficient of correlation was 0.73 and when all measurements were combined, it reached 0.98. Likewise, discrete variables showed a close correlation, with a mean kappa value of 0.72. Variables related to muscular dynamics of the lip can for obvious reasons not be judged from photographs. However, the computerised photographic evaluation was able to detect more precisely even minor angular deviations of the nose and to measure areas such as the areas of the nostrils. We conclude that morphometry of digital photographs is a new valuable clinical tool for the assessment of the nasolabial appearance in patients with cleft lip and palate.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Surgery


  • cleft lip, clinical evaluation, digital photos, morphometry
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)301-306
JournalScandinavian Journal of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Hand Surgery
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1998
Publication categoryResearch

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Reconstructive Surgery (013240300), Surgery Research Unit (013242220)