Clinical spectrum of hepatitis C-related liver disease and response to treatment with interferon and ribavirin in haemophilia or von Willebrand disease

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Our aim was to evaluate the severity of liver disease resulting from chronic hepatitis C in haemophilia or von Willebrand disease and the efficacy of 6 months treatment with interferon alpha and ribavirin. Fifty-five liver biopsies were performed in 43 patients without any bleeding complications, as seen with ultrasound immediately after the biopsy and 48 h thereafter. Histological changes were mild, with low scores for both inflammation and fibrosis, in spite of long exposure to blood products (mean 27 years). Two patients had compensated cirrhosis. Thirty-five out of 39 included patients completed study treatment. Hepatitis C virus (HCV)-RNA was negative in 77% (30/39) of patients at the end of treatment, and 36% (14/39) achieved a complete sustained response at follow-up 6 months after treatment. Treatment failure was more frequent in patients with virus genotype 1 compared with non-1 (P = 0.0003). The response rate correlated well with that of non-haemophilic patients. In summary: (1) liver biopsy was safe with our regimen; (2) liver disease in our patients was usually mild and had a slow progress; (3) only HCV genotype 1 predicted treatment failure; (4) our treatment results agreed with those from non-haemophilic patients.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Skåne University Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Hematology

Keywords

  • hepatitis C, haemophilia, von Willebrand disease, interferon, ribavirin
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-93
JournalBritish Journal of Haematology
Volume113
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes