Clinical use of cangrelor: nationwide experience from the Swedish Coronary Angiography and Angioplasty Registry (SCAAR)
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
AIMS: This nationwide study aimed to analyse the first 2 years of routine clinical use of cangrelor in all Swedish patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS AND RESULTS: This observational Swedish Coronary Angiography and Angioplasty Registry (SCAAR) study identified 915 cangrelor-treated patients. As 899 were ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI)-patients undergoing primary PCI, we decided to exclude all non-STEMI patients (n = 16) from the following analysis. We then identified all primary PCI patients, January 2016 to January 2018 (n = 10 816). Excluding hospitals without cangrelor use, tailoring time frames from first cangrelor use per hospital, patients treated with cangrelor (n = 899) were compared with those without cangrelor treatment (n = 4614). A separate analysis was performed for cardiac arrest STEMI patients (n = 273). Cangrelor-use in primary PCI varied greatly between hospitals (4-36%, mean 16%). At variance with randomized trials, cangrelor was used nearly exclusively in STEMI, often with cardiac arrest (19%). Cangrelor was combined with ticagrelor in two-thirds of patients, among which >50% was prehospital. Cangrelor was used more frequently in high-risk patients: left main PCI, thrombus aspiration, and cardiac arrest. Despite cangrelor being used in more high-risk patients, crude definite stent thrombosis rates at 30 days were low and similar in cangrelor (0.7%) and non-cangrelor treated patients (0.8%). CONCLUSION: Cangrelor was used nearly exclusively in primary PCI STEMI patients, predominantly with ticagrelor. Despite being used in very high-risk patients, often with cardiac arrest, cangrelor treatment was associated with low stent thrombosis rates.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy|
|Publication status||Published - 2019 Jul|