Co-firing - A strategy for bioenergy in Poland?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Biomass provides the largest reduction of carbon dioxide (CO2) emission when it replaces coal, which is the dominating fuel in heat and electricity production in Poland. One means of replacing coal with biomass is to co-fire biofuels in an existing coal-fired boiler. This paper presents an analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of co-firing biofuels in Poland with respect to technical, environmental, economical and strategic considerations. This analysis shows that co-firing is technically and economically the most realistic option for using biofuels in the large pulverized fuel (PF) boilers in Poland. However, from an environmental perspective, co-firing of biofuels in large combined heat and power (CHP) plants and power plants provides only a small reduction in sulphur dioxide (SO2) emission per unit biofuel, since these plants usually apply some form of desulphurization technology. In order to maximize the SO2 emission reduction, biofuels should be used in district heating plants. However, co-fired combustion plants can handle disruptions in biofuel supply and are insensitive to moderate changes in fuel prices, which makes them suitable utilizers of biofuels from perennial energy crops. Co-firing could therefore play an important role in stimulating perennial crop production.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Energy Systems


  • co-firing, biofuels and Poland, bioenergy
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1838-1847
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Publication categoryResearch