Collaborative Governance for Climate Change Adaptation: Mapping citizen–municipality interactions

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Collaborative Governance for Climate Change Adaptation

T2 - Mapping citizen–municipality interactions

AU - Brink, Ebba

AU - Wamsler, Christine

PY - 2018/3/1

Y1 - 2018/3/1

N2 - Increasing climate change impacts are a major threat to sustainable urban development, and challenge current governance structures, including actors' responsibilities for dealing with climate variability and extremes. The need for distributed risk governance and citizen engagement is increasingly recognised; however, few empirical studies systematically assess interactions between citizens and municipalities in climate risk management and adaptation. Here, we develop an explorative framework, applied to three Swedish municipalities, to map existing ‘adaptation interactions’ and analyse how responsibilities for climate adaptation manifest and are (re)negotiated. The results show that adaptation planners rarely consider collaborations with citizens, despite positive adaptation outcomes from related local processes. Structures and mechanisms for systematic monitoring and learning are also lacking. We argue that fostering collaborations with citizens – to support long-term adaptation and reduce the adaptation burden of those most at risk – requires consideration of four strategic issues: proactive engagement; equity and ‘responsibilisation’; nature-based approaches; and systematic adaptation mainstreaming. Finally, we discuss how our analytical framework can contribute to further theorising municipalities' engagement with citizens on climate risk.

AB - Increasing climate change impacts are a major threat to sustainable urban development, and challenge current governance structures, including actors' responsibilities for dealing with climate variability and extremes. The need for distributed risk governance and citizen engagement is increasingly recognised; however, few empirical studies systematically assess interactions between citizens and municipalities in climate risk management and adaptation. Here, we develop an explorative framework, applied to three Swedish municipalities, to map existing ‘adaptation interactions’ and analyse how responsibilities for climate adaptation manifest and are (re)negotiated. The results show that adaptation planners rarely consider collaborations with citizens, despite positive adaptation outcomes from related local processes. Structures and mechanisms for systematic monitoring and learning are also lacking. We argue that fostering collaborations with citizens – to support long-term adaptation and reduce the adaptation burden of those most at risk – requires consideration of four strategic issues: proactive engagement; equity and ‘responsibilisation’; nature-based approaches; and systematic adaptation mainstreaming. Finally, we discuss how our analytical framework can contribute to further theorising municipalities' engagement with citizens on climate risk.

KW - autonomous adaptation

KW - citizen participation

KW - climate change adaptation

KW - co-creation

KW - co-production

KW - collaborative arrangements

KW - collaborative governance

KW - disaster risk reduction

KW - individual adaptation

KW - nature-based solutions

KW - private adaptation

KW - risk governance

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85045210283&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/eet.1795

DO - 10.1002/eet.1795

M3 - Article

VL - 28

SP - 82

EP - 97

JO - Environmental Policy and Governance

JF - Environmental Policy and Governance

SN - 1756-932X

IS - 2

ER -