Colombian Children With Overweight and Obesity Need Additional Motivational Support at School to Perform Health-Enhancing Physical Activity

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aims: The aim of this study is to investigate associations of screen-time and physical activity (PA) with self-efficacy for PA, intrinsic motivation to PA and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in Colombian schoolchildren from socioeconomically disadvantaged neighborhoods, and to compare these variables among children with normal-weight (NW), overweight (OW) and obesity (OB). Methods: In 678 schoolchildren (age 10-14 years) screen-time (TV, video games, computer) and number of days being physically active >= 60 minutes were self-reported. Multi-item scales were used to assess self-efficacy to PA and intrinsic motivation to PA. The KIDSCREEN-27 was used to assess HRQoL. Results: Screen-time was associated with HRQoL in the school/learning environment dimension. Number of days being physically active was associated with self-efficacy for PA, intrinsic motivation for PA and with HRQoL concerning physical well-being, autonomy/parent relation and social support/peers. Group differences were found for days being physically active (OW = 2.8 and OB 7 2.7 vs. NW = 3.3) but not for screen-time (NW = 5.0,OW = 4.7 and OB = 5.7 hrs.d(-1)). OW and OB scored lower on intrinsic motivation to PA than NW (OW = 19.2 and OB = 17.9 versus NW = 20.1). All 3 groups differed in physical well-being scores (NW = 50.3, OW = 48.1, OB = 40.6, P < .001). Conclusions: Schoolchildren with overweight and obesity from socioeconomically disadvantaged neighborhoods need additional motivational support to perform health-enhancing PA to experience higher physical well-being.

Details

Authors
  • Patricia Olaya-Contreras
  • Myriam Bastidas
  • Daniel Arvidsson
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

Keywords

  • intrinsic motivation, self-efficacy, health-related quality of life, sedentary behavior
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)604-609
JournalJournal of Physical Activity & Health
Volume12
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes