Combined effects of global change pressures on animal-mediated pollination

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Pollination is an essential process in the sexual reproduction of seed plants and a key ecosystem service to human welfare. Animal pollinators decline as a consequence of five major global change pressures: climate change, landscape alteration, agricultural intensification, non-native species, and spread of pathogens. These pressures, which differ in their biotic or abiotic nature and their spatiotemporal scales, can interact in nonadditive ways (synergistically or antagonistically), but are rarely considered together in studies of pollinator and/or pollination decline. Management actions aimed at buffering the impacts of a particular pressure could thereby prove ineffective if another pressure is present. Here, we focus on empirical evidence of the combined effects of global change pressures on pollination, highlighting gaps in current knowledge and future research needs.


  • Juan P. Gonzalez-Varo
  • Jacobus C. Biesmeijer
  • Riccardo Bommarco
  • Simon G. Potts
  • Oliver Schweiger
  • Henrik Smith
  • Ingolf Steffan-Dewenter
  • Hajnalka Szentgyoergyi
  • Michal Woyciechowski
  • Montserrat Vila
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Biological Sciences
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)524-530
JournalTrends in Ecology & Evolution
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Publication categoryResearch