Combined Magnetomotive ultrasound, PET/CT, and MR imaging of (68)Ga-labelled superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles in rat sentinel lymph nodes in vivo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Current methods for intra-surgical guidance to localize metastases at cancer surgery are based on radioactive tracers that cause logistical challenges. We propose the use of a novel ultrasound-based method, magnetomotive ultrasound (MMUS) imaging that employ a nanoparticle-based contrast agent that also may be used for pre-operative PET/MRI imaging. Since MMUS is radiation free, this eliminates the dependence between pre- and intra-operative imaging and the radiation exposure for the surgical staff. This study investigates a hypothetical clinical scenario of pre-operative PET imaging, combined with intra-operative MMUS imaging, implemented in a sentinel lymph node (SLN) rat model. At one-hour post injection of (68)Ga-labelled magnetic nanoparticles, six animals were imaged with combined PET/CT. After two or four days, the same animals were imaged with MMUS. In addition, ex-vivo MRI was used to evaluate the amount of nanoparticles in each single SLN. All SLNs were detectable by PET. Four out of six SLNs could be detected with MMUS, and for these MMUS and MRI measurements were in close agreement. The MRI measurements revealed that the two SLNs undetectable with MMUS contained the lowest nanoparticle concentrations. This study shows that MMUS can complement standard pre-operative imaging by providing bedside real-time images with high spatial resolution.


External organisations
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • Genovis AB
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
  • Cancer and Oncology


  • Journal Article
Original languageEnglish
Article number4824
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jul 6
Publication categoryResearch