Communities of oil palm flower-visiting insects: Investigating the covariation of Elaeidobius kamerunicus and other dominant species

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Insects visit flowers not only to forage for nectar or pollen but also to search for hosts or prey, and to look for suitable habitats for breeding sites. In oil palm flowers, it has been documented that not all flower-visiting insects are pollinators, but some insects are recognized as predators, parasitoids or saprophages, which may affect the abundance and persistence of the weevil pollinating oil palm, Elaeidobius kamerunicus. We studied the community of oil palm flower-visiting insects and investigated the covariation between the abundance E. kamerunicus and that of other dominant species. Ecological research was conducted in oil palm plantations with different tree ages in Central Borneo. Our results found that tree age and flower type of oil palm did not influence the abundance and species richness of flower-visiting insects, but significantly affected their species composition. There was a significant positive relationship between the abundance of E. kamerunicus and the fly Scaptodrosophila sp, indicating that these species covariate in oil palm flowers. These findings suggest that understanding the covariation between E. kamerunicus and Scaptodrosophila sp may help develop the conservation strategies for E. kamerunicus to support the sustainable production of oil palm.


  • Akhmad Rizali
  • Bambang Tri Rahardjo
  • Sri Karindah
  • Fatma Ramadhani Wahyuningtyas
  • - Nurindah
  • Bandung Sahari
  • Yann Clough
External organisations
  • University of Brawijaya
  • Indonesian Sweetener and Fiber Crops Research Institute
  • PT Astra Agro Lestari Tbk
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
  • Ecology


  • Central borneo, Oil palm flower, Scaptodrosophila, Sticky trap
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere7464
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Publication categoryResearch