Community education for cardiovascular disease prevention. Morbidity and mortality results from the Minnesota Heart Health Program

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The Minnesota Heart Health Program was a community trial of cardiovascular disease prevention methods that was conducted from 1980 to 1990 in three Upper Midwestern communities with three matched comparison communities. A 5- to 6-year intervention program used community-wide and individual health education in an attempt to decrease population risk. A major hypothesis was that the incidence of validated fatal and nonfatal coronary heart disease and stroke in 30- to 74-year-old men and women would decline differentially in the education communities after the health promotion program was introduced. This hypothesis was investigated using mixed-model regression. The intervention effect was modeled as a series of annual departures from a linear secular trend after a 2-year lag from the start of the intervention program. In the education communities, 2,394 cases of coronary heart disease and 818 cases of stroke occurred, with 2,526 and 739 cases, respectively, being seen in the comparison communities. The overall decline in coronary heart disease incidence was 1.8 percent per year in men (p = 0.03) and 3.6 percent per year in women (p = 0.007). For stroke, there were no significant secular trends. The authors recently published findings showing minimal effects of sustained intervention on risk factor levels. In the current report, there was no evidence of a significant intervention effect on morbidity or mortality, either for coronary heart disease or for stroke.

Details

Authors
  • Russell V. Luepker
  • Lennart Råstam
  • Peter J. Hannan
  • David M. Murray
  • Clifton Gray
  • William L. Baker
  • Richard Crow
  • David R. Jacobs
  • Phyllis L. Pirie
  • Steven R. Mascioli
  • Maurice B. Mittelmark
  • Henry Blackburn
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

Keywords

  • cardiovascular diseases, health education, health promotion, morbidity, mortality, primary prevention
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-362
JournalAmerican Journal of Epidemiology
Volume144
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1996
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes