Comparative analysis on the film cooling mechanisms of elliptical and cylindrical holes with 90° compound angle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: In this study, numerical simulations are performed to compare the adiabatic film cooling effectiveness and reveal the difference of film cooling mechanisms of two models with the same geometries and cross-section areas of film holes’ exits at three typical blowing ratios (M = 0.5, 1 and 1.5). The two models are an elliptical model and a cylindrical model with 90° compound angle, respectively. Design/methodology/approach: Three different cases are considered in this work and the baseline is the model with a cylindrical film hole. The same boundary conditions and a validated turbulence model (realizable k-ε) are adopted for all cases. Findings: The results show that both the elliptical and cylindrical models with 90° compound angle can enhance the film cooling effectiveness compared with the baseline. However, the elliptical model performs well at lower blowing ratios and in the near region at each blowing ratio because of the wider width of the film hole’s exit. The cylindrical model with 90° compound angle provides better film cooling effectiveness in the further downstream area of the film hole at higher blowing ratio because of the less lift-off and better coolant coverage in the larger x/D region along the mainstream direction. Originality/value: Overall, it can be concluded that although the elliptical and cylindrical models with 90° compound angle have identical hole exits, the different inlet direction and cross-sectional geometry affect the flow structures when the coolant enters, moves through and exits the hole and finally different film cooling results appear.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Northwestern Polytechnic University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Energy Engineering

Keywords

  • Adiabatic film cooling effectiveness, Blowing ratio, Compound angle, Counter-rotating vortex, Elliptical model
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat and Fluid Flow
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2020 Jun 19
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes