Comparison of dual mobility cup and other surgical construts used for three hundred and sixty two first time hip revisions due to recurrent dislocations: five year results from Lithuanian arthroplasty register

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: Recently, there has been increasing interest in the use of dual mobility systems in the treatment of hip instability. The aim of this study was to investigate the re-revision rate of dual mobility cup compared to different surgical concepts when used for first-time hip revisions due to recurrent dislocations. Methods: The data were derived from the Lithuanian Arthroplasty Register. For survival analysis, we used both re-revision for all reasons and for dislocations as an end-point. Cox proportional hazards models were used to analyze the influence of various covariates (age, gender, and implant concept). Results: A total of 1388 revisions were recorded from 2011 to 2015, of which 362 were performed due to recurrent dislocation. Of the revisions, 247 were performed using dual mobility cups, while 115 were performed using a variety of other surgical constructs including constrained acetabular cups, conventional cups, femoral head exchanges, stem exchanges or anti-luxation rings. There were 27 re-revisions of which 15 were for additional dislocations. There were only 2% re-revisions due to dislocation with dual mobility vs 9% when using other surgical constructs. Cox regression adjusting for age and gender showed that in the short-term, dual mobility cup had a lower risk of revision due to dislocation as well as for all reasons compared to the other surgical constructs. Conclusion: In revision of total hip arthroplasties for dislocation, significantly lower short-term re-revision rate was observed for patients revised with dual mobility cup.

Details

Authors
  • Justinas Stucinskas
  • Tomas Kalvaitis
  • Alfredas Smailys
  • Otto Robertsson
  • Sarunas Tarasevicius
Organisations
External organisations
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • Lithuanian University of Health Sciences
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Orthopedics

Keywords

  • Arthroplasty, Dislocation, Dual mobility, Register, Revision
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1015-1020
JournalInternational Orthopaedics
Volume42
Issue number5
Early online date2017 Dec 2
Publication statusPublished - 2018 May
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes