Comparison of emissions and performance between saturated cyclic oxygenates and aromatics in a heavy-duty diesel engine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Emissions and fuel economy are evaluated for two types of biofuels, namely 2-phenyl ethanol and cyclohexaneethanol. Both are derived from lignin, a form of lignocellulosic biomass. The former and latter oxygenates have an aromatic and aliphatic (i.e. saturated) ring structure, respectively. Two parametric engine sweeps were performed. First, non-EGR operation by means of varying the load via injection duration/quantity. Second, EGR operation by gradually increasing the level of EGR. The goal of this work is to evaluate the overall performance of these lignin-derived biofuels in a compression ignition (CI) engine over a wide range of operation conditions. More specifically, the research is focused on the effect of oxygenate aromaticity. The rationale behind this is that, starting from lignin, itself an aromatic molecule, it would require an expensive hydrogenation step to ultimately produce saturated ringed oxygenates like cyclohexaneethanol from the more lignin-like 2-phenyl ethanol. If there are no adverse effects of using the latter over the former, it makes no sense to consider further hydrogenation upgrading. The engine experiments have been conducted on a modified DAF heavy-duty diesel engine. The results demonstrate that further processing of aromatic oxygenates by means of hydro-treating to saturated rings is not only expensive, but also disadvantageous for the NOx-soot trade-off. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


  • Lei Zhou
  • M. D. Boot
  • Bengt Johansson
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Other Mechanical Engineering


  • Diesel, Emission, Biofuels, Saturated cyclic oxygenates, Aromatics
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-247
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Publication categoryResearch