Comparison of growth and reinnervation properties of cholinergic neurons from different brain regions grafted to the hippocampus

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Abstract

Grafts of five different types of central cholinergic neurons, from the septal-diagonal band region, the nucleus basalis magnocellularis region (NBM), the striatum, the pontomesencephalic tegmentum of the brainstem, and the spinal cord, were compared with respect to their ability to grow and to reinnervate the cholinergically denervated hippocampal formation of adult rats. The areas were dissected from 14 to 15-day-old rat fetuses, and the same number of viable cells (35 X 10(4) from each of the different regions were stereotaxically injected as cell suspensions into the hippocampus of rats subjected to a transection of the intrinsic septo-hippocampal cholinergic pathways. At 17-19 weeks after transplantation, the various graft types differed considerably in their volume, the total amount of acetylcholinesterase (AChE)-positive fiber outgrowth, and the innervation pattern and morphology of the AChE-positive fibers growing into the host hippocampus. On average the NBM and spinal cord grafts had grown to become three to four times larger than the septal and the brainstem grafts, and 15-20 times larger than the striatal grafts. By contrast, the total ingrowth score of AChE-positive fibers in the host hippocampus from the septal grafts was about twice that of the NBM and brainstem grafts, about five times greater than the striatal grafts, and about six times greater than that of the spinal cord grafts. The large NBM grafts thus exhibited similar fiber outgrowth to the much smaller brainstem grafts, and the AChE-positive neurons of the grafted spinal cord grew very poorly into the hippocampus despite the fact that they survived very well. The innervation pattern and morphological features of the ingrowing AChE-positive fibers in the host hippocampus proper and in the dentate gyrus resembled those of normal rats in animals with grafts from any of the three forebrain regions (i.e., septum, NBM, or striatum), whereas ingrowth from the brainstem and spinal cord grafts were markedly abnormal with respect to both innervation pattern and fiber morphology. These results provide further evidence that the overall survival, growth, and fiber outgrowth of intracerebral neural grafts depend on interactions with the surrounding host tissue. Since the ability to reinnervate the previously denervated host target was greatest for the neuron type normally innervating that area, i.e., the septal-diagonal band neurons, we conclude that neuronal properties beyond the transmitter type are essential for the optimal performance of implanted neurons in intracerebral grafting experiments.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • University of Oxford
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Neurosciences

Keywords

  • Acetylcholinesterase/analysis, Animals, Cholinergic Fibers/growth & development, Female, Hippocampus/physiology, Nerve Regeneration, Neurons/physiology, Rats, Rats, Inbred Strains, Spinal Cord/transplantation
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)204-22
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Comparative Neurology
Volume268
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1988 Feb 8
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes