Comparison of Normal and Metaplastic Epithelium in Patients with Stable versus Persistently Symptomatic Severe Asthma Using Laser-Capture Microdissection and Data-Independent Acquisition–Mass Spectrometry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A proportion of patients with severe asthma (SA) show poor responses to traditional asthma medications; however, it remains unknown why some patients remain persistently symptomatic. Our objective was to explore the use of laser-capture microdissection of specific epithelial structures combined with quantitative data-independent acquisition mass spectrometry to elucidate differences in protein composition in patients with SA with varying symptom control. Unbiased label-free quantitative proteome analyses were performed on laser-capture–microdissected areas of specific epithelial structures from patients with SA with varying degrees of symptom control. A total of 1993 stable SA and 1652 symptomatic SA proteins in normal epithelium and 1458 stable SA and 1647 symptomatic SA proteins in metaplastic epithelium were quantified. When comparing proteome profiles based on symptom control, 33 proteins in patients with stable SA (≥twofold change; P ≤ 0.05) and 13 proteins in patients with persistently symptomatic SA (≥twofold change; P ≤ 0.05) were enriched significantly. When comparing proteome profiles based on epithelial status, 21 proteins in normal epithelium (≥twofold change; P ≤ 0.05) and 6 proteins in metaplastic epithelium (≥twofold change; P ≤ 0.05) were enriched significantly. New treatment strategies are needed for patients with severe asthma and exploratory studies of unbiased nature such as this may help when searching for new mechanisms and potential targets involved in the disease pathology.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Aarhus University
  • Aarhus University Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Respiratory Medicine and Allergy
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2358-2365
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Volume189
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes