Competition between weak OH·π and CH·O hydrogen bonds: THz spectroscopy of the C2H2 - H2O and C2H4 - H2O complexes
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THz absorption spectra have been recorded for the weakly bound molecular complexes of H2O with C2H4 and C2H2 embedded in cryogenic neon matrices at 2.8 K. The observation and assignment of a large-amplitude acceptor OH librational mode of the C2H2 - H2O complex at 145.5 cm−1 confirms an intermolecular CH⋯O hydrogen-bonded configuration of C2v symmetry with the H2O subunit acting as the hydrogen bond acceptor. The observation and assignment of two large-amplitude donor OH librational modes of the C2H4 - H2O complex at 255.0 and 187.5 cm−1, respectively, confirms an intermolecular OH⋯π hydrogen-bonded configuration with the H2O subunit acting as the hydrogen bond donor to the π-cloud of C2H4. A (semi)-empirical value for the change of vibrational zero-point energy of 4.0-4.1 kJ mol−1 is proposed and the combination with quantum chemical calculations at the CCSD(T)-F12b/aug-cc-pVQZ level provides a reliable estimate of 7.1 ± 0.3 kJ mol−1 for the dissociation energy D0 of the C2H4 - H2O complex. In addition, tentative assignments for the two strongly infrared active OH librational modes of the ternary C2H4 - HOH - C2H4 complex having H2O as a doubly OH·π hydrogen bond donor are proposed at 213.6 and 222.3 cm−1. The present findings demonstrate that the relative stability of the weak hydrogen bond motifs is not entirely rooted in differences of electronic energy but also to a large extent by differences in the vibrational zero-point energy contributions arising from the class of large-amplitude intermolecular modes.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Journal||Journal of Chemical Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2017 May 21|