Complex karyotypic changes, including rearrangements of 12q13 and 14q24, in two leiomyosarcomas

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Cytogenetic investigation of short-term cultures from two leiomyosarcomas revealed complex karyotypic changes in both cases. The first tumor, a subcutaneous leiomyosarcoma of the knee, had the karyotype 70-80,XY, +X, +Y, +1, +1, +2, +2, +3, +3, +4, +4, +7, +7, +8, +8, +9, +10, +15, +15, +16, +16, +18, +19, +20, +21, +21, +22, +22,t(?;5)(5;21)(?;q35p11;q11), t(?;5)(5;21)(?;q35p11;q11), +del(11)(q22),der(13)t(12;13)(q13;q22),der(14)t(9;14)(p11;p11), +14p+, +t(20;?)(q13;?), +t(20;?)(q13;?), +2 mar. A polyploidized clone with 120-150 chromosomes was also observed. DNA flow cytometry revealed only one abnormal peak, corresponding to a DNA index of 1.76. The other tumor, a uterine leiomyosarcoma, had the karyotype 61-67, X, -X, +1, +3, +5, +6, +7, +8, +9, +12, +13, +15, +t(1;1)(p32;q32), +der(1)t(1;8)(p13;q11), +del(2)(p11), +del(2)(q22), +del(2)(q22), +del(3)(p13), +i(5p),t(8;14)(q24;q24), +der(8)t(8;14) (q24;q24), +del(10)(p12),der(11)t(11;15)(p15;q11),t(16;?)(p13;?),t(16;?)(q24;?), der dic(17) (17pter----cen----17q25::hsr::17q25----cen----17pte r), +t(19;?)(p13;?), +der dic(20)(20pter----cen----20q12::hsr::20q12----cen----+ ++20pter), +mar. The DNA index was 1.59. The finding in these leiomyosarcomas of rearrangements of the same regions of chromosomes 12 and 14 that are involved in the tumor-specific t(12;14)(q14-15;q23-24) of uterine leiomyoma indicates that the same genes in 12q and 14q might be important in the pathogenesis of benign and malignant smooth muscle tumors.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Medical Genetics
  • Orthopedics
  • Cancer and Oncology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-223
JournalCancer Genetics and Cytogenetics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1990
Publication categoryResearch