Complex product form generation in industrial design: A bookshelf based on Voronoi diagrams

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingPaper in conference proceeding


Complex product form generation methods have rarely been used within the field of industrial design. The difficulty in their use is mainly linked to constraints – such as functionality, production and cost – that apply to most products. By cou-pling a mathematically described morphology to an optimisation system, it may be possible to generate a complex product form, compliant with engineering and pro-duction constraints. In this paper we apply this general approach to the designing of a bookshelf whose structure is based on Voronoi diagrams. The algorithm be-hind the developed application used here is based on a prior work submitted else-where [1], adapted to the bookshelf problem. This second example of product form generation, which includes specific constraints, confirms the relevance of the general approach.
The handling of complex morphologies is not straightforward. Consequently, an explorative study on that theme has been performed. A user interface has been de-veloped that allows for designing a bookshelf based on Voronoi diagrams. The user interface was subsequently tested by peer designers. The results suggest that user attitudes diverge: one faction preferred maximum freedom of creation, that is, maximum control of the form creation process; the other faction wanted the appli-cation to generate a bookshelf based on their functional needs (e.g. adapt to the number and types of objects to be stored) and would ask for a “surprise me” effect for the final solution.

[1] Nordin A, Hopf A, Motte D, Bjärnemo R, Eckhardt C-C (2009) Using genetic algorithms and Voronoi diagrams in product design. Journal of Computing and Information Science in Engineering - JCISE, submitted.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics


  • genetics algorithm, Voronoi diagram, morphologies, multi-objective optimization, production, machine design, industrial design, Renaissance 2.0, maskinkonstruktion
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 4th Design Computing and Cognition Conference - DCC'10
EditorsJohn S. Gero
Place of PublicationDordrecht, The Netherlands
Number of pages20
ISBN (Electronic)978-94-007-0510-4
ISBN (Print)978-94-007-0509-8
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Publication categoryResearch
Event4th Design Computing and Cognition Conference - DCC'10 - Stuttgart
Duration: 2010 Jul 102010 Jul 14


Conference4th Design Computing and Cognition Conference - DCC'10

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