Complications and quality of life following urinary diversion after cystectomy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle



The aim of this review is to outline specific surgical complications, metabolic consequences and quality of life (QOL) following urinary diversion in patients undergoing radical cystectomy.

Based on a comprehensive literature search (MEDLINE) the published knowledge on urinary diversion was examined regarding the research question with an emphasis on contemporary cystectomy series.

Despite the fact, that urinary diversion is commonplace in these days and the existing literature is rather extensive, the vast majority of assumptions are based on low level evidence (retrospective, single-institutional case series with small sample sizes and short-term followup). There are few randomized trials in this field.

Early and late surgical complications following radical cystectomy have decreased over the past three decades for both incontinent and continent diversion, but are still significant. While metabolic disturbances are common after continent forms of urinary diversion, the problems can be minimized in most cases. Most reports testify that QOL is high after cystectomy irrespective of type of urinary diversion although urinary and sexual problems are common.

Careful patient selection, strict adherence to proper surgical technique and appropriate life-long follow-up are of paramount importance in the successful management of patients undergoing radical cystectomy for bladder cancer.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Urology and Nephrology


  • Radical cystectomy, Urinary diversion, Urinary reservoirs, continent, Complications, Metabolic consequences, Quality of life
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)156-168
JournalEAU Update Series
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2005
Publication categoryResearch