Comprehensive and Structured 3-month Stroke Follow-up Using the Post-stroke Checklist (The Struct-FU study): A Feasibility and Explorative Study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: There is recent evidence supporting that a comprehensive post-stroke treatment program improves outcome. However, the prevalence of stroke-related health problems and the extent of needed interventions have not been well-delineated. The Struct-FU study aims to assess the feasibility of a comprehensive stroke follow-up model and to map stroke-related problems and subsequent multidisciplinary interventions using a modified Post-stroke Checklist (PSC). Methods: We consecutively screened all acute stroke patients at Skåne University Hospital, Sweden during an eight-month period in 2018–2019. Patients discharged to own home were eligible for inclusion. We defined a stroke-related health problem as a health- or social issue corresponding to one of the 14 items in the modified PSC, and with onset after the stroke event. Three-months post-stroke, a semi-structured interview using a 14-item modified PSC was completed to map the prevalence of stroke-related health problems, as well as any subsequent multidisciplinary stroke team interventions prompted by the visit. Results: The number of included patients was 200. Of these, 165 (82.9%) completed three-month follow-up, one died, and 34 were lost to follow-up. All patients completed the full PSC, and the majority (92.7%) reported stroke-related problems identified using the PSC, with the median number being three per patient, and half having four or more problems. Patients <=65 years (n=44) presented with more stroke-related problems than patients >65 years (n=121) (5 vs. 3, p=0.003). The median number of interventions was two per patient. Doctor's interventions (changes in medication, referrals or further work-up) were done in 53% of patients, 77% needed a nurse's or other stroke team professional's intervention (tailored advice, information, audits, rehabilitation assessments) and 15% needed no intervention. Only 3.6% of patients reported other stroke-related challenges (PSC item 14) than those specified in item 1–13. Conclusion: We report a high burden of stroke-related health problems in community dwelling stroke patients with mild to moderate stroke. Multidisciplinary interventions were prompted in the vast majority (85%). Only 3.6% of patients reported challenges not captured with the Post-stroke Checklist, reflecting that the comprehensive approach captures the majority of stroke-related health problems, and gives a good estimate of the total stroke-related health burden for each individual.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Skåne University Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Neurology

Keywords

  • Complications, Follow-up, Modifiable stroke risk factors, Outcome, Quality of care, Stroke, Stroke prevention, Stroke rehabilitation
Original languageEnglish
Article number105482
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
Volume30
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes