Consumption of vegetables, fruit and other plant foods in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohorts from 10 European countries

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To describe and compare the consumption of the main groups and subgroups of vegetables and fruits (V&F) in men and women from the centres participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). Design: Cross-sectional analysis. Dietary intake was assessed by means of a 24-hour dietary recall using computerised interview software and standardised procedures. Crude and adjusted means were computed for the main groups and sub-groups of V&F by centre, separately for men and women. Adjusted means by season, day of the week and age were estimated using weights and covariance analysis. Setting: Twenty-seven centres in 10 European countries participating in the EPIC project. Subjects: In total, 35 955 subjects (13 031 men and 22 924 women), aged 35-74 years, randomly selected from each EPIC cohort. Results: The centres from southern countries had the highest consumption of V&F, while the lowest intake was seen in The Netherlands and Scandinavia for both genders. These differences were more evident for fruits, particularly citrus. However, slightly different patterns arose for some sub-groups of vegetables, such as root vegetables and cabbage. Adjustment for body mass index, physical activity, smoking habits and education did not substantially modify the mean intakes of vegetables and fruits. vegetable and fruit intake follows a south-north gradient in both Conclusions:. Total, genders, whereas for several sub-groups of vegetables a different geographic distribution exists. Differences in mean intake of V&F by centre were not explained by lifestyle factors associated with VF intake.

Details

Authors
  • A Agudo
  • N Slimani
  • MC Ocke
  • A Naska
  • AB Miller
  • A Kroke
  • C Bamia
  • D Karalis
  • P Vineis
  • D Palli
  • HB Bueno-de-Mesquita
  • PHM Peeters
  • D Engeset
  • A Hjartaker
  • C Navarro
  • CM Garcia
  • JX Zhang
  • AA Welch
  • E Spencer
  • C Stripp
  • K Overvad
  • F Clavel-Chapelon
  • C Casagrande
  • E Riboli
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Clinical Medicine

Keywords

  • Europe, 24-hour dietary recall, study, EPIC, cross-sectional analysis, cohort studies, vegetables, fruit
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1179-1196
JournalPublic Health Nutrition
Volume5
Issue number6B
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Emergency medicine/Medicine/Surgery (013240200), Research group of Nutrition Epidemiology (013242550)