Correction of hypothermic and dilutional coagulopathy with concentrates of fibrinogen and factor XIII: an in vitro study with ROTEM

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Abstract

Background: Fibrinogen concentrate treatment can improve coagulation during massive traumatic bleeding. The aim of this in vitro study was to determine whether fibrinogen concentrate, or a combination of factor XIII and fibrinogen concentrates, could reverse a haemodilution-induced coagulopathy during hypothermia. Methods: Citrated venous blood from 10 healthy volunteers was diluted in vitro by 33% with 130/0.42 hydroxyethyl starch (HES) or Ringer's acetate (RAc). The effects of fibrinogen concentrate corresponding to 4 gram per 70 kg, or a combination of the same dose of fibrinogen with factor XIII (20 IU per kg), were measured using rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM). The blood was analysed at 33 degrees C or 37 degrees C with ROTEM EXTEM and FIBTEM reagents. Clotting time (CT), clot formation time (CFT), alpha angle (AA) and maximal clot formation (MCF) were recorded. Results: Fibrinogen with or without factor XIII improved all ROTEM parameters in either solution irrespective of temperature, with the exception of EXTEM-AA and EXTEM-CFT in HES haemodilution. Fibrinogen increased FIBTEM-MCF more in the samples diluted with RAc than HES, particularly in presence of factor XIII. Conclusions: Fibrinogen improved in vitro haemodilution-induced coagulopathy at both 33 degrees C and 37 degrees C, though more efficiently after crystalloid than HES haemodilution. Factor XIII had an additional effect on FIBTEM-MCF, but only after crystalloid dilution.

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Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Anesthesiology and Intensive Care

Keywords

  • Factor XIII, Fibrinogen, Hemodilution, Hypothermia, Hemostasis, Thrombelastography
Original languageEnglish
Article number73
JournalScandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Volume22
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

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